DISCLAIMER: These are notes & drawings taken during the lecture. Lecture and illustrations for Dr. Galupo's lecture were published in the CEH newsletter. These illustrations are crude drawings done during the lecture to give an idea of how to splint - please see article for more accurate illustrations.

 

Purpose of Splint:

  • stabilize
  • relieve pain and anxiety
  • control wound infection
  • prevent soft tissue and nerve damage
  • minimize bone trauma
Appropriate bandaging and padding is important. It not only improves you horse's chance of recovery, it is a great immediate comfort. An injured horse will go to sleep if splinted and placed in a rescue sling! Use splints for bone breaks and tendon injuries. If you do not splint there is too much soft tissue damage for recovery. Owners are encouraged to have splint materials handy and know how to splint a horse before the vet arrives.

MAKE SURE SPLINT EXTENDS BEYOND TOE SO IT SUPPORTS AND ABSORBS STRESS. HOOF SHOULD BE POINTED TOE DOWN (see above illustration)

The ideal splint is not cumbersome , easy to apply whether the horse is standing or recumbent. The splint should be a one inch by four inch pole or stick made of

  • PVC
  • wood
  • conduit
  • rebar
  • drainage pipe
  • casing material
  • A large pillow wrapped with duck tape works well! Shipping boots stack up a leg can be wrapped
  • PAD HEAVILY SO SPLINT DOESN'T DAMAGE SOFT TISSUE. Wrap leg in shipping wraps, pillows, whatever soft materials you have to protect from the splint.
  • DUCK TAPE HEAVILY

DIFFERENT SPLINTS FOR FRONT AND BACK LEGS AND DIFFERENT AREAS OF THE LEG:

FRONT LEG INJURIES

If break is below the fetlock: Put splint in front, use one splint; wrap with shipping boot. Or use a Kinsey Leg Saver which can be used on front or back legs.Splint should extend to knee and be place in front of leg; PAD LEG HEAVILY and wrap heavily with duck tape.

 
 
Manufactured locally, the Kinsey Leg Saver has improved outcomes at the race track for injured horses.

http://www.vetmed.ucdavis.edu/ceh/HR17-2Kimzey.html

For more information on Kimzey's veterinary equipment, contact Kimzey Welding Works, Inc., 164 Kentucky Avenue, Woodland, CA 95695 or call (530) 662-9331 or fax (530)
662-9178.

 
     
     
Lower leg break or tendon injury. Use two boards, one in front of leg, one in back. Again, pad the leg heavily and wrap with adequate duck tape.  
 
Knee or above, use two boards, one side and one in front. Extend side board above shoulder and wrap as shown.  
     
Injuries above the elbow such as shoulder breaks should not be splinted.

Note: to differentiate between an abscess and an elbow break, the horse will NOT be able to straighten its knee, indicating a break and need for splint as above.

 
HIND LEG INJURIES

For breaks and injuries below the hock, place the splint BEHIND the leg. If using the Kinsey leg saver, use as directed (main brace faces front).

 
     
Hock Area injuries, wrap with one splint and adjust as best you can. Again, pad and wrap heavily.  
     
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